Do tomatoes self pollinate

Do tomatoes self pollinate. Yes! Tomato plants (Solanum Lycopersicum) are generally branched out plants that reproduce by self-pollination.

Do tomatoes self pollinate
Do tomatoes self pollinate

Self-pollination is when the pollen grains from the same plant fall at the stigma of a flower or the ovule. 

Tomatoes Plant Description

  • Botanical name– Solanum Lycopersicum
  • Family– Solanaceae
  • Plant type– a perennial plant 
  • Favorable season– summers 
  • Varieties-It contains numerous cultivars based on shapes, sizes, and colors. 
  • Origin– South America 


Tomatoes plants are into two categories;

  • Determinate 
  • Indeterminate


These tomato plants develop clusters of flowers that affect the plant growth vertically.


These tomato plants possess lateral flower clusters that stop the horizontal growth of the plant.

Pollination in Tomatoes Plant

Pollination in Tomatoes Plant

The Tomato plant possesses both male and female flowers. They employ the method of self-pollination to reproduce fruits.


Self-pollination is when the pollen grains from the same plant fall at the stigma of a flower or the ovule. 

The pollens fall from male flowers to female flowers, promoting fruit formation.

The pollen may also fall within the same flower to pollinate itself, ensuring the process of self-pollination. Humidity is required, as it helps the pollen to stick.

Factors That Affect Pollination

  • Too high temperature
  • Low humidity 
  • Low sun exposure
  • Less watering 

When to Plant Tomatoes

Tomato plants grow well in the warm regions in the late spring and early summer, except for tomatoes in zone 10. Zone 10 they are grown in fall-winter.

Fruiting Period

An average tomatoes plant produces fruits from 60 days to more than 100 days after planting.


  • It requires full sunlight. 
  • Plant it where tomatoes, and members of their family, have not been grown for the previous couple of years. 
  • Adequate watering is necessary
  • Well-draining soil 
  • It requires aged manure and compost in the soil before two weeks of planting. Add the manure 1 foot deep and thoroughly mix it.
  • Requires 40 to 70 percent of the humidity

How to Grow Tomatoes in Containers

Select the Pot

Take a large pot or container comprising 20 inches diameter, with small drainage holes at the bottom. 

Fill the Pot with Soil

Fill the pot with a mixture of at least 12 inches of a good “potting mix” and organic material. 

Sowing the Seeds

To sow the seeds, purchase a bush variety of tomato seeds, and spread it in the pot. Remember to pour seeds to gain one plant per pot.


Provide at least 6 hours of daily sun with adequate watering to keep the soil moist.


Containers and pots dry out more quickly than garden soil. Maintain the moisture in the period of heatwaves.

Blooming and Pollination

The tomato flower blooms in the summer and produces fruits by self-pollinating itself. It does not require another plant for pollination. It’s self-sufficient.

Early fruiting

After pollination, it produces immature tomatoes that will be green in color. After maturation, it develops into red, juicy tomatoes if provided with desired care. 

Fruit Yield per Pot

A single pot can produce more than five tomatoes. Some of them might not gain healthy growth because of many reasons.

Pests & Diseases

Tomato plants are affected by Tomato Viruses, Mosaic virus, Leaf curl, Molds, mildews, Tomato Blights, Leaf Spots & Specks, Blossom-end Rot, Fruit Fly, Budworm, Whitefly, Aphids, and Tomato Mites.

Recommended Varieties

Early Varieties (require less than 70 days to harvest)

Early Cascade, and Early Girl

Mid-season Varieties (requires 0 to 80 days to harvest)

Floramerica, and Fantastic 

Late-season Varieties (requires 80 days or more to harvest)

Amish Paste, Brandywine, and Tomato, Roma VF


The tomato plants are self-sufficient, producing fruits by self-pollination method. 

Self-pollination is when the pollen grains from the same plant fall at the stigma of a flower or the ovule. By providing adequate care, a single pot can produce cherry-red tomatoes.

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